Visioning Activities

A Distributed System is a system consisting of multiple computers communicating through message passing.  In the past 50 years, distributed systems have evolved from being a novelty to a fact of life---a very large fraction of computers today are part of a distributed system.

December 2014

On April 2, 2013, President Obama launched the Brain Research though Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative as a bold new research effort to revolutionize our understanding of the human mind and uncover new ways to treat, prevent, and cure brain disorders. The initiative is a joint program with funding through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Privacy by Design
November 2014

Regulators, academics and industry have called for privacy-by-design as a way to address growing privacy concerns with rapidly developing technology. The public and private sector are responding — hiring privacy engineers to join the ranks of privacy-oriented professionals, often working under the guidance of a chief privacy officer. Yet, implementing concepts of privacy through design is an open challenge and research area. There is a limited, disparate, and fragmented body of research affirmatively positioned as privacy-by-design.

Modern science, technology, and politics are all permeated by data that comes from people, measurements, or computational processes. However, data is often incomplete, corrupt, or lacking in sufficient accuracy and precision. While concern for these uncertainties would seem essential to rational decision making, explicit consideration of uncertainty is rarely part of the computational and decision making pipeline.

Human Computation entails the design and analysis of information processing systems in which humans participate as computational elements.  This visioning activity seeks community input to map a path from interdisciplinary research to human computation applications with the greatest societal benefit and impact.

Seeking community input to better understand the potential needs and payoff for additional investments in mid-scale infrastructure for computing research.

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A series of three workshops identifying critical directions for electronic design automation in support of extreme scale design.

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Privacy R&D
March 2013

Exploring the development of an R&D roadmap for privacy.

online education sm New ingredients such as large scale (or massive) add significantly to the transformational possibilities of online education for accessibility, quality, and cost of education, as well as definitional changes to its boundaries, form, and content. 
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Ensuring that a computer chip or other semiconductor-based component does exactly what it the customer wants it to donothing elseis becoming more challenging. Feature sizes continue to shrink and are measured in nanometers, circuits are more complex, and design and manufacture involves a supply chain, typically comprising many businesses worldwide.

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Discovery and Innovation in Health IT
October 2012, October 2009

Wellness and healthcare are central to our lives. Information technology is making significant contributions to enhance healthcare delivery and improve quality of life.

Spatial Computing
Spatial Computing
September 2012

Spatial Computing is a set of ideas and technologies that will transform our lives by understanding the physical world, knowing and communicating our relation to places in that world, and navigating through those places.

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New research in computing technology can advance emergency response and recovery, while also driving forward the computer science and engineering fields.

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February 2011

A workshop was held on the role of information sciences and engineering in sustainability (RISES). Many of these research opportunities require collaboration to develop a sustainable world.

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Interactive Technology
October 2010, September 2010, August 2010

Interactive computing technology is based primarily on the architectures created for the XEROX Star and the Macintosh. Since then, computing has changed radically, yet little has changed in the underlying theory and systems that support interactivity.

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The community of computer architecture researchers has grown substantially in the past 10 years, while research in the area continues to search for new ideas to address more acute trends and restrictions. Discontinuity-inducing trends are transforming the field.

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Cross-Layer Reliability
October 2009, July 2009, March 2009

The Cross-layer Reliability (RelXLayer) visioning process addresses the fact that we will no longer be able to reliably design or manufacture fault-free hardware systems.

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Global Development
August 2009

Over the past several years, numerous projects worldwide have sought to apply innovative technology-based solutions to deliver education, financial, health, business, and governmental services.

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Learning Technology
July 2009, April 2009

Computing technology plays an increasingly important role in the advancement of education through computational models, reasoning, experimentation and implementation of mobile and ubiquitous pedagogical software.

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Free/Open Source Software is radically transforming how software is being developed by different communities in diverse disciplines. Many of the grand challenge topics for engineering research increasingly rely on the development and use of FOSS systems.

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Cyber-Physical Systems
May 2009, April 2009

The integration of physical systems and processes with networked computing has led to the emergence of Cyber-Physical Systems. Such systems use computations and communication deeply embedded in physical processes to add new capabilities.

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Network Science and Engineering (NetSE)
September 2008, August 2008
The Network Science and Engineering Council developed a comprehensive research agenda to support the development of a better Internet. 
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August 2008, June 2008

This visioning process generated a roadmap of applications for robotics across users, producers, and researchers through a comprehensive review of the use of robotics, main obstacles to deployment and identification of key competencies.

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Theoretical Computer Science (TCS) aims to understand the intrinsic capabilities and limitations of efficient computation. This subfield of computer science has a record of producing high impact discoveries.

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Big-Data Computing
March 2008

The Big-Data Study Group explored and enabled opportunities for research and applications of high-performance, data-intensive computing systems, benefiting application areas ranging from astronomy to machine translation.